Angina is chest pain or discomfort, such as pressure, burning, or tightness, that develops when your heart doesn’t get enough oxygen due to reduced blood flow. When you experience angina, the pain isn’t always confined to the chest area. You may feel it in your arms, shoulders, neck, jaw, throat, or back.
Angina isn’t a disease -- it’s a symptom warning you of an underlying health problem. It’s frequently a symptom of coronary heart disease, but it’s also caused by other heart conditions, such as inflammation or a damaged heart muscle.
Chest pain also arises from a number of health concerns that aren’t related to your heart, including:
Since there’s no way to be sure about the cause of your chest pain, please protect your health and contact Consultants in Cardiology & Electrophysiology for an evaluation.
Some types of angina can be managed with medication, while others represent a pending heart attack. The most common types include:
Stable angina: Stable angina often has a regular pattern and predictable triggers that cause the chest pain, such as exercise or emotional distress. While it’s not a heart attack, stable angina suggests you’re at a higher risk for a cardiac event.
Unstable angina: This type of angina causes unexpected chest pain that usually occurs while you’re resting and doesn’t follow a pattern. Unstable angina should always be treated as a medical emergency because you could be having a heart attack, and you’re at risk for severe arrhythmias or cardiac arrest.
Microvascular angina: When heart disease affects the smallest coronary arteries, you may develop microvascular angina. The pain can be severe and may be accompanied by shortness of breath, sleep problems, fatigue, and lack of energy.
The treatment plan is always tailored to your symptoms and overall health, but may include: